Ghosting The Machine

On 2010年07月13日, in linux, by netoearth

This is a short but potentially extremely handy guide to ghosting one Linux box to another (or simply making a full backup of a desktop/server).

You might have a small office where you customise one desktop just how you like it and need to roll this out to N other PC’s or simply want a backup of a server or desktop to another machine or even to an image file.

The main tool here is netcat which is extremely powerful and has a multitude of other great uses that won’t be covered here.

Target Machine:

** Boot to linux rescue mode with networking (CentOS works fine)

Initiate netcat to listen on port 30 – # nc -l -p
| dd of=/dev/sda (assuming the hard drive is sda and not hda):

# nc -l -p 30 | dd of=/dev/sda

Source Machine:

Dump the contents of the disk to the target PC – #dd if=/dev/sda | nc

# dd if=/dev/sda | nc 192.168.0.20 30

Then to check that traffic is flowing, on the source go to another terminal (ALT/F2) and dump the tcp data on the NIC (assuming it’s eth0):

tcpdump -tnli eth0 port 30

If you just want a backup image you could change the above output on the taget to:

# nc -l -p 30 | dd of=mybackup.img

That’s it. Naturally the target PC/disk cannot be smaller than the source:) I hope this saves someone a lot of time.

查看分区情况,找出要备份的分区

sudo fdisk -l

然后备份

sudo dd if=<input device> | ssh <user>@<destination IP address> “dd of=<destination path>”

样例:

sudo dd if=/dev/sda1 | ssh tbekolay@xxx.xxx.45.127 “dd of=/home/tbekolay/LinuxPart.image”
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