“存档管理器是将一组文件汇集成单一文件的计算机软件。一个存档文件包括了文档集和文档目录。采用这种方式存档文件有诸多好处，如储存备份文件，将 文件转移到另一个目录，或者是不同的电脑。存档文件可以采用压缩方法节省磁盘空间，减少传输时间。存档管理器通常提供了压缩、解压缩，存档文件和目录等功 能。多数管理软件也提供了额外的元数据如用户和组权限，时间戳和目录结构，以及加密、密码保护、Unicode名称等功能。
A file archiver is computer software which brings together a group of files into a single archive file. An archive file is therefore a collection of files and directories that are stored in one file. There are many advantages of storing multiple files this way. For example, an archive is a great way to store backup data, transfer files to another directory, or to a different computer. Archive files are often compressed to save disk space and reduce transfer times.
This type of utility lets users compress, decompress, and archive files and directories. Most archivers also store additional metadata such as user and group permissions, timestamps, and directory structures. Other features often found in archive managers include support for multiple volumes, encryption, Unicode names, password protection, and integration into the shell.
The granddaddy of archive managers is the tar utility (together with the ar and cpio tools). Tar was created in the early days of Unix and remains an essential utility for any Linux system. The filename extension .tar is synonomous with file archives. Other types of archive formats include .iso (for optical storage mediums such as CDROM and DVD-ROMs), .shar, .cpio, and .ar.
Linux has a good range of open source archive managers, both console based (such as tar) or sporting an attractive graphical user interface and integrating with a desktop environment.
To provide an insight into the quality of software that is available, we have compiled a list of the 6 archive managers we use the most on a daily basis. Hopefully, there will be something of interest here for anyone who wants to backup their data, create new archives, and decompress files downloaded from the internet.
Now, let’s explore the 6 archive managers at hand. For each title we have compiled its own portal page, a full description with an in-depth analysis of its features, screenshots, together with links to relevant resources and reviews.
|File Roller||Archive manager for the GNOME desktop environment|
|PeaZip||Cross-platform portable file archiver|
|DAR||Disk ARchive: Backup directory tree and files|
|tar||A file archiver and archive format developed since the early days of Unix|
|FreeArc||Fast and efficient compression with a wealth of features|
|Ark||Archive utility for KDE 4|