今天的电脑用户无疑要记住许多密码。有些网站会对密码选择设限，例如它坚持要求密码必须包含字符、大写字母和数字，因此每个网站使用相同密码常是不 可能的。当然，更重要的是，出于安全方面的理由我们也需要使用不重复的密码。这意味着每个人将需要记住多个密码。一种解决方案是以书面形式记下来，但显然 不安全。与其尝试用大脑记下多个密码，不如使用密码管理软件。此类软件正成为活跃网民的主要工具，它容易检索、管理和保护所有密码。所有密码都储存加密文 件中，由一个主密码保护，因此用户只需记住一个密码。Linuxlinks收集了Linux平台上的七款优秀的密码管理器，供用户参考。包括：KeePassX、GNOME环境下的GnuPG前端Seahorse、浏览器插件LastPass、Figaro’s Password Manager 2，等等。
7 of the Best Free Linux Password Managers
A password manager is a utility which helps users to store and retrieve passwords and other data. Most password managers use a local database to hold the encrypted password data.
In today’s society, people are faced with a bewildering amount of information to retain. Most people read a considerable amount of information online on a regular basis. Whether you conduct business online, read for your job, or just read for pleasure, the internet is a vast source of information. Retaining that information on a long-term basis can be difficult. However, some nuggets of information need to be recalled quickly. Passwords are one such example.
As a computer user, you will no doubt have numerous passwords to remember. Some sites put restrictions on the choice of the password. For example, a site may insist on a minimum number of characters, capital letters, numerals, and other characters which make choosing the same password for each site to be impossible. More importantly, there are good security reasons not to duplicate passwords. This inevitably means that individuals will simply have too many passwords to remember. One solution is to keep the passwords in written form. However, this is also highly insecure.
Instead of trying to remember an endless array of passwords, a popular solution is to use password manager software. In fact, this type of software is an essential tool for the active internet user. It makes it easy to retrieve, manage and secure all of your passwords. The passwords are stored in an encrypted file, protected by a single master password. Consequently, the user only has to remember a single password. Password managers encourage users to choose unique, non-intuitive strong passwords for each service.
To provide an insight into the quality of software available for Linux, we have compiled a list of 7 of the best free password managers. Hopefully, there will be something of interest here who wants to automate the process of entering passwords and other data, and save the hassle of remembering multiple passwords. We give our highest recommendation to KeePassX.
Now, let’s explore the 7 password managers. For each title we have compiled its own portal page, a full description with an in-depth analysis of its features, screenshots, together with links to relevant resources and reviews.
|KeePassX||Multi-platform port of KeePass|
|Seahorse||GNOME front end for GnuPG|
|LastPass||Browser plugin password management|
|Figaro’s Password Manager 2||Enhanced port of Figaro’s Password Manager|
|MyPasswords||Java based software for managing passwords|
|Password Gorilla||Tcl/Tk cross-platform password manager|
|Revelation||Password manager for the GNOME 2 desktop|